There are many different forms of employment.
Fixed employment, temporary employment, probation, apprentice, fixed-term employment and project employment.
Here are the most common types of employment and what conditions and rights apply.
When you are offered a job, it is important to know what type of employment it is because different rules apply to different forms of employment.
Here you can read more about the twelve most common forms of employment.
Self-employment is a fast-growing work method which means that you have an agreement with a self-employed company. You can work without being employed and without being self-employed. The self-employment company has F-tax and invoices the clients against a certain commission, reports the employer’s contributions, makes tax deductions and then pays the rest as salary to the contractor.
2. Fixed employment
Fixed employment, also called permanent employment, means that there is no specific end date for your employment. You are simply employed until you or your employer terminate your employment. In order for your employer to be able to terminate a permanent employment, it is necessary that there is a factual basis, something that is regulated in the LAS (the Act on Employment Protection). This can, for example, be about work shortages. You can also be dismissed or dismissed for personal reasons. This may be, for example, negligence, harassment, refusal to work or difficulties in working with others.
In connection with a dismissal, there may also be a compensation in connection with a termination, a severance pay. It can, for example, be paid to an employee who is terminated due to a shortage of work or in connection with a company being closed down.
3. Holiday and seasonal work
Working extra during, for example, the Easter weekend, Christmas holiday or summer is called holiday work. The type of job that can only be performed during a certain period of the year, such as ski instructor on a ski resort or lifeguard on an outdoor swimming pool, is called seasonal work.
Freelance / freelancer is a person who takes or performs assignments without having a permanent employment. Common occupational groups in this category are photographers and journalists.
5. Full time or part time
If you are a full-time employee in Sweden, you usually work 40 hours a week. If you work part-time, for example 50%, this means that you earn 50% of a full-time salary.
Being an apprentice means that you are still educating yourself, but instead of being in school, you are out in a workplace. Apprenticeships vary in length depending on the profession to be taught.
7. Project employment
As a project employee, you are employed to implement a specific project. When you finish your project, the project appointment is also over.
8. Test stand
Many workplaces use trial employment and the employer does not have to state any reason for testing a person instead of offering a permanent employment directly. Sample position means that both you and the employer get six months to see how you work in the workplace. If both you and the employer think that everything has gone well after the six months, the probationary position goes into a permanent position.
Notice of termination of employment
The big difference between a probationary appointment and a permanent employment or fixed-term employment is that the probationary appointment can be interrupted at any time without either the employer or the employee having any specific reasons.
However, the employer must not violate applicable discrimination legislation.
If the employer wants a trial appointment to be interrupted prematurely, it must notify the employee of this at least two weeks in advance in order not to be liable for damages. The two-week notice period applies even if the employee does not want to work after the probationary periodCommission employment
A commission appointment means that you get the salary according to how well you perform. Sometimes, commission pay is combined with a fixed base salary so that you have a guaranteed salary each month.
A substitute is a time-limited form of employment. It may be that you jump in and work for someone who has a holiday, is on parental leave or is on sick leave.
10. Fixed-term employment
Fixed-term employment is a collective term for fixed-term employment. If you have had a general fixed-term employment for two years over the past five years, the employment changes to a permanent employment, that is, a permanent employment, something that is regulated in the LAS (the Act on Employment Protection).
11. Staffing staff
Anyone who works for a staffing company has a permanent contract and is covered by collective agreements with insurance and contracts. The staffing company pays your salary but you do the work at the workplace you are at.